Travel Vaccinations for Haiti
The table below provides a general guide as to the Travel Vaccinations that may be advised to you for travel to Haiti.
|MMR||Yes||Person-to-Person||Measles, mumps, rubella, course of Two||£50|
|DTaP||Yes||Person-to-Person||Tetanus, diphtheria, polio, single Dose||£40|
|Typhoid||Yes||Contaminated Food and Water||Typhoid, single dose||£50|
|Hepatitis A||Yes||Contaminated Food and Water||Hepatitis A, single Dose||60|
|Cholera Travel Vaccine||Yes||Contaminated Food and Water||Cholera, course of Two||£35|
|Hepatitis B||Yes||Body Fluids, Medical Intervention||Hepatitis B, course of Three||£55|
|Rabies||Yes||Infected Animals||Rabies, course of Three||£65|
Advice for Travellers to all Destinations
The Vaccinations and Medications that are needed for travel vary from person-to-person. Everyone should have a personal risk assessment with a travel health professional to take into account a range of factors such as itinerary, medical condition, occupational and lifestyle risk factors and previous vaccination history.
Risk of Malaria in Haiti
Malaria is a viral illness spread by Mosquitoes that bite from dusk to dawn throughout the tropical world. It causes high fever and severe joint and muscle pains. In serious cases, malaria can be fatal.
Travellers to areas where there is a Risk of Malaria should get advice regarding Malaria Medication which can be taken to help stop the illness from developing. The type of medication required depends on your destination, itinerary, length of stay and current medical condition. Further reduce the risk of by practicing mosquito Bite Avoidance by using Insect Repellant such as DEET 50% and covering exposed skin by wearing long sleeves and trousers.
Further Travel Health Advice for Haiti
Imagine visiting one of the lovely beaches at Cap Haitien, on Haiti’s north coast, knowing that the wreck of Columbus’ Santa Maria lies just nearby. Afterwards, head just 20 miles south to visit the Citadelle built by Henri Christophe, a huge fortress in the mountains, or visit the ruins of the Sans Souci palace. An artist’s paradise awaits at trendy Jacmel on the south coast, and don’t miss Haiti’s famous Parc Macaya where you can hike through lush rainforest. Your first stop on your way to Haiti should be a visit to our Travel Health Clinic, four to eight weeks before departure, so that you will be completely safe and up-to-date with the Vaccinations you need for Haiti.
Heat and Humidity
Haiti is tropical, with intermittent rain through most of the year, and temperatures on the coast usually run between 25 and 30. It is important to remember that you will need to wear sun block lotion, 15 or 20 SPF, and apply it often. Wear lightweight tropical clothing, and warmer clothing for mountain areas.
Animals and Insects
Outbreaks of dengue fever have been reported in Haiti from time-to-time. Make sure that you cover up by wearing long sleeve and long trousers, wear DEET 50% insect repellant and sleep under a mosquito net. Also, avoid contact with stray dogs and other animals.
The tap water in Haiti is not fit to drink, and is considered contaminated. Drink only spring water and purified water, which are cheap and readily available. Avoid ice cubes completely. Bring lots of bottled water with you wherever you go in Haiti, and replenish fluids throughout the day, with water, fruit juices or coconut milk.
Food and Drink
A fusion of French, African and Caribbean cuisines, Creole cooking dominates the menus in most Haitian restaurants, and the choices go on and on. Fresh fish and shellfish are always delicious, whether fried, grilled or cooked in a creole stew with vegetables, but you will miss out if you don’t try some of the specialties unique to Haiti. How about Guinea hen with sour orange sauce, or grillot, which is fried island pork? These might be served with a dish of rice and black mushrooms or rice and peas. There is a choice of many juicy tropical fruits, but be sure they are washed or peeled. Coconut water is often substituted for water, and is very refreshing. Haitian beer, Prestige, and famous Barbancourt rum are the most popular alcoholic drinks, but imported wines are available in good restaurants.
Seeking Treatment Abroad
Health care in Haiti is best in Port au Prince, where there are good medical facilities, and a few hospitals with international standards. There are also good pharmacies across the country. It is important that you arrange in advance to have enough money with you to pay for any health care you might need at hospitals and private clinics.
Travel and Health Insurance
Protect yourself, and your family, with comprehensive travel health insurance which will cover your intended itinerary and any potentially risky activities, such as hiking, and water sports.
Aside from observing the normal precautions, such as leaving your valuables in your hotel safe, and not carrying large sums of cash, visitors must be aware that street crime here is a factor. Double check the credentials of tour guides before agreeing on a price, especially at major tourist areas like the Citadelle. Avoid eating uncooked vegetables, and salads. Milk in Haiti is non-pasteurised, so ask for powdered milk instead.