Travel Vaccinations for Costa Rica
The table below provides a general guide as to the Travel Vaccinations that may be advised to you for travel to Costa Rica
|MMR||Yes||Person-to-Person||MMR, Course of Two||£50|
|DTaP||Yes||Person-to-Person||Revaxis, Single Dose||£40|
|Typhoid||Yes||Contaminated Food and Water||Typhim Vi, Single Dose||£50|
|Hepatitis A||Yes||Contaminated Food and Water||Epaxyl, Single Dose||£80|
|Hepatitis B||Yes||Body Fluids, Medical Intervention||EnergixB, Course of Three||£55|
|Rabies||Yes||Infected Animals||Rabipur, Course of Three||£65|
Advice for Travellers to all Destinations
The Vaccinations and Medications that are needed for travel vary from person-to-person. Everyone should have a personal risk assessment with a travel health professional to take into account a range of factors such as itinerary, medical condition, occupational and lifestyle risk factors and previous vaccination history.
Risk of Malaria in Costa Rica
Malaria is a viral illness spread by Mosquitoes that bite from dusk to dawn throughout the tropical world. It causes high fever and severe joint and muscle pains. In serious cases, malaria can be fatal.
Travellers to areas where there is a Risk of Malaria should get advice regarding Malaria Medication which can be taken to help stop the illness from developing. The type of medication required depends on your destination, itinerary, length of stay and current medical condition. Further reduce the risk of by practicing mosquito Bite Avoidance by using Insect Repellant such as DEET 50% and covering exposed skin by wearing long sleeves and trousers.
Further Travel Health Advice for Costa Rica
If you are fortunate enough to be visiting Costa Rica, you will want to set aside a few days to witness the drama of her Northwest region, where Parque Nacional Santa Rosa, and the Monteverde Santa-Elena ecoplex are just the beginning of your incredible wilderness experience. Visit waterfalls, and climb the slopes of active volcanoes. Next, learn about an important part of Costa Rican history in Guanacaste, where cowboys still ride the savannah. In the capital, San José, try fresh roasted coffee at the Mercado Central, visit the National Theatre, built in 1897, and enjoy the elegance of Victorian mansions. Your first stop on your way to Costa Rica should be a visit to our Travel Health Clinic, four to eight weeks before departure, to ensure that you will be completely safe and up-to-date with the Vaccinations you need for Costa Rica.
Heat and Humidity
The climate here is as varied as the scenery, but overall Costa Rica is tropical. In the mountains, the weather is temperate, but at the beach, temperatures can get close to 27. Use sun block and apply it liberally. Remember that the sun can burn you even when it doesn’t feel that hot. Make a habit of carrying bottled water with you wherever you go.
While the tap water is said to be safe to drink, mineral water, and bottled water is cheap and is sold everywhere, so it is probably a good plan to drink just bottled water.
Food and Drink
Costa Rican cuisine is quite simple, and reflects its Spanish heritage in many dishes, like arroz con pollo, and the National dish, gallo pinto, which is simply fried rice with black beans, which can be served at lunch, or dinner, and even at breakfast, served with eggs and cooked plantains. Costa Rica exports much of its seafood, but in coastal regions, sea bass and tuna are plentiful, and ceviche is served as a snack.
Don’t be surprised to find American style snacks, like Doritos. Dining out is inexpensive, even most San José restaurants, and when you see a restaurant called a Mirador, it means that it has a view. Remember to avoid eating from open buffets. Uncooked vegetables, salads and fruits that you cannot peel should not be eaten. Refrescos, fruit drinks made with fresh fruit, like mangoes, papayas, and pineapple, with water, or milk, are very popular. Several brands of good beer are brewed in Costa Rica, most of which are pilsners.
Seeking Treatment Abroad
If you need health care in Costa Rica, it is always best to use a private clinic. In San José the standard of care is quite good, but risky and sparse as you travel further from the capital. Arrange in advance to have enough money with you to pay for any health care you might need.
Travel and Health Insurance
Protect yourself, and your family, with comprehensive travel health insurance which will cover your intended itinerary and any potentially risky activities.
While Costa Rica is not especially dangerous, there are certain ways to be sure of your safety. Petty theft is common in just about any tourist area, but more so in the capital. Be cautious, and leave your valuables at home before your trip. Keep your cash and travellers’ cheques secure, and lock ATM doors after entering. Don’t wear flashy jewellery in San José, and remember to take taxis at night, where possible.