Travel Vaccinations for Rwanda

The table below provides a general guide as to the Travel Vaccinations that may be advised to you for travel to Rwanda

Rwanda is a landlocked country in East Africa that is well worth a visit. It is sometimes referred to as the land of a thousand hills and once you get there you will understand why. Its lush, green ad gorgeous and contains an amazing number and variety of plants and animals. Probably most noted for its silverback mountain gorillas (think ‘Gorillas in the mist’), Rwanda also has a darker history, which you can come to understand on a visit to the genocide memorial. Despite this more recent tragedy, Rwandans will still offer you a warm and friendly welcome.

There is No Risk of Yellow Fever in Rwanda

Keep up-to-date with the latest travel advice from the Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO) before travelling.

Advice for Travellers to all Destinations

The Vaccinations and Medications that are needed for travel vary from person-to-person. Everyone should have a personal risk assessment with a travel health professional to take into account a range of factors such as itinerary, medical condition, occupational and lifestyle risk factors and previous vaccination history.

All Travellers

All Travellers should ensure that they are up-to-date with Routine Vaccinations including Diphtheria, Tetanus and Polio and Measles, Mumps and Rubella.

Most Travellers

Most travellers will also need to consider a course or booster of Hepatitis A and Typhoid as there is a risk of these diseases across most parts of the world.

Some Travellers

Some Travellers may also be advised additional vaccinations such as Rabies, Japanese Encephalitis and Hepatitis B based on their individual risk assessment.

Risk of Malaria in Rwanda

Malaria is spread by the plasmodium parasite passed to humans from the bite of an anopheles mosquito. Malaria is a serious illness with symptoms include fever, chills, sweats and flu like symptoms. In severe cases, malaria can be fatal. There isn’t currently a vaccine available for our travellers, although there are other ways to protect yourself, see Malaria Information for Travellers.

Malaria risk for Rwanda are quite high.

Malaria Prevention

Travellers to areas where there is a Risk of Malaria should get advice regarding Malaria Medication which can be taken to help stop the illness from developing. The type of medication required depends on your destination, itinerary, length of stay and current medical condition. Further reduce the risk of by practicing mosquito Bite Avoidance by using Insect Repellent such as DEET 50% and covering exposed skin by wearing long sleeves and trousers.

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Further Travel Health Advice for Rwanda

Dengue fever is caused by mosquito bites from specific mosquitos most active during daylight. There is no medical protection against dengue fever. What you can do however is avoid mosquito bites and use mosquito repellent if travelling to affected areas of Rwanda. Your travel nurse should be able to advise you.

Schistomiasis is a flatworm infection that is acquired through contact with affected fresh water streams, rivers or lakes. If you have been swimming or wadding in such an environment and you think you may have been exposed, or have contacted Schistomiasis, seek professional medical help. Schistomiasis is present in Rwanda so please take precautions

There is an area in Rwanda situated higher than 2500m so altitude sickness may present a problem. You can obtain altitude sickness medication and practice appropriate acclimatisation and gradual ascents to counter altitude sickness. Don’t forget, its not just your climbing altitude but your sleeping altitude as well that must be considered. Our travel nurse will be able to discuss these with you.

Generally the weather is fairly moderate although there are two rainy seasons here. Due to the fact that there are mountains here, some frost and snow can be expected at certain times of the year. Please check the weather for the time and areas you are travelling to so that you can adequately prepare,

Stick to the bottled stuff here as tap water is not safe. Bottled water is readily available.

Grilled fish, chicken and goat here are delicious. The capital city of Kigali has a variety of western styles food to choose from but that choice diminishes as you travel away from the capital. Just a warning though, when Rwandan restaurant say all you can eat buffet, they really mean fill your plate as much as you can only once – there are no seconds!

Lots of different infections can be spread through animal bites, including Rabies, Malaria and Dengue Fever. Please make sure you have had your shots before travelling.

Make sure you have health insurance in place that will cover the full range of activities you plan to undertake while in Rwanda.

Make sure your first aid kit is well stocked. Also, check with your Foreign Office before travelling as advice for travelling to Rwanda changes all the time and exercise some common sense as a traveller away from home.