Travel Vaccinations for Nigeria
The table below provides a general guide as to the Travel Vaccinations that may be advised to you for travel to Nigeria.
|MMR||Yes||Person-to-Person||Measles, mump, rubella, course of Two||£50|
|DTaP||Yes||Person-to-Person||Tetanus, diphtheria, polio,s Dose||£40|
|Typhoid||Yes||Contaminated Food and Water||Typhoid, Single Dose||£50|
|Hepatitis A||Yes||Contaminated Food and Water||Hepatitis A, Single Dose||£60|
|Meningitis||Yes||Person-to-Person||Meningitis ACWY (Nimenrix), Single Dose||£65|
|Cholera||Yes||Contaminated Food and Water||Cholera, Course of Two||£35|
|Hepatitis B||Yes||Body Fluids, Medical Intervention||Hepatitis B, Course of Three||£55|
|Yellow Fever||Yes||Mosquitoes||Yellow Fever, single Dose||£70|
|Rabies||Yes||Infected Animals||Rabies, Course of Three||£65|
Advice for Travellers to all Destinations
The Vaccinations and Medications that are needed for travel vary from person-to-person. Everyone should have a personal risk assessment with a travel health professional to take into account a range of factors such as itinerary, medical condition, occupational and lifestyle risk factors and previous vaccination history.
Risk of Malaria in Nigeria
Malaria is spread by the plasmodium parasite passed to humans from the bite of an anopheles mosquito. Malaria is a serious illness with symptoms include fever, chills, sweats and flu like symptoms. In severe cases, malaria can be fatal. There isn’t currently a vaccine available for our travellers, although there are other ways to protect yourself.
Travellers to areas where there is a Risk of Malaria should get advice regarding Malaria Medication which can be taken to help stop the illness from developing. The type of medication required depends on your destination, itinerary, length of stay and current medical condition. Further reduce the risk of by practicing mosquito Bite Avoidance by using Insect Repellant such as DEET 50% and covering exposed skin by wearing long sleeves and trousers.
Yellow Fever Risk and Certification Requirements for Nigeria
Yellow Fever is a serious viral illness spread by mosquitoes in the tropical regions of Africa and South America. For further information, please see Yellow Fever Vaccination.
Under International Health Regulations (2005), travellers who have been to an Area affected by Yellow Fever, or who have travelled via an airport of a country affected, are required to present an International Certificate of Vaccination (ICVP) before they are allowed to enter Nigeria.
General Travel Health Risks for Nigeria
Nigeria is an extremely diverse, and culturally rich country, steeped in history, with over 250 ethnic groups. By far the largest city, Lagos, on the Atlantic, is one of the most important sea ports in Africa, and actually originated on a grouping of islands.
As you visit “Old Oyo” National Park, or the “Mambilla Plateau” in Taraba State, it is important to bear in mind that you are at risk for several tropical diseases. So, your first step should be to visit our Travel health clinic, so that we can advise you and administer the vaccinations you will need for travel to Nigeria.
Heat and Humidity
Nigeria has a hot and humid climate with two distinct seasons- wet and dry. In the south, coastal regions, summer temperatures can run into the 30’s.or higher. Remember to apply sunblock (SPV at least 15).
Water is generally not safe to drink, so we do recommend that you drink bottled water, which is cheap and easily-accessible. Also use bottled water to brush your teeth, and avoid using ice cubes.
Food and Drink
Nigeria has a widely-varied choice of cuisine, and it changes from State to State. Be prepared to try new tastes and new foods, but do so with care. Many popular European dishes are also available. Palm wine is drunk at festivals, and blackcurrant juice is used to make cordials.
Public health services vary widely from state to state. It is important to check in advance with authorities or travel services to find out what public and private services are available.
Do protect yourself with adequate travel health insurance which will cover your intended itinerary and activities.
There is a high crime rate throughout the country, and conditions can change from State to State on any given day. Think of your own safety before planning your further travel.