Travel Vaccinations for Ethiopia

The table below provides a general guide as to the Travel Vaccinations that may be advised to you for travel to Ethiopia

Recommended Vaccinations for Ethiopia at a Glance
All Travellers: MMR, DTaP
Most Travellers: Typhoid, Hepatitis A
Some Travellers: Meningitis, Cholera, Hepatitis B, Yellow Fever, Rabies

Vaccination Major Risk Factors Course Price
MMR Person-to-Person Course of Two £60
DTaP Person-to-Person Single Dose £50
Typhoid Person-to-Person Single Dose £65
Hepatitis A Person-to-Person Single Dose £86
Meningitis Person-to-Person Single Dose £75
Cholera Person-to-Person Course of Two £47.50
Hepatitis B Person-to-Person Course of Three £66
Yellow Fever Person-to-Person Single Dose £80
Rabies Person-to-Person Course of Three - intramuscular £66
Rabies Person-to-Person Course of Three - intradermal £66

Ethiopia is a landlocked country in the horn of Africa, surrounded by DjiboutiEritrea, South Sudan, Somalia and Kenya.

This horn of Africa country is considered one of the most densely populated landlocked countries on Earth. Scientist also consider it to be a ‘cradle of life’ the oldest place where human life can be traced to – all the way back to 2nd millennium BC. Ethiopia is a historic country showcasing many ancient traditions, some of which have remained the same for over 1000 years. Although a poor country, Ethiopia is on the road to recovery but getting around can still be a little complicated, so come prepared. Also, check the Foreign Office advice before travelling to Ethiopia as travel advice on this country does change from time to time.

Keep up-to-date with the latest travel advice from the Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO) before travelling.

Advice for Travellers to all Destinations

The Vaccinations and Medications that are needed for travel vary from person-to-person. Everyone should have a personal risk assessment with a travel health professional to take into account a range of factors such as itinerary, medical condition, occupational and lifestyle risk factors and previous vaccination history.

All Travellers

All Travellers should ensure that they are up-to-date with Routine Vaccinations including Diphtheria, Tetanus and Polio and Measles, Mumps and Rubella.

Most Travellers

Most travellers will also need to consider a course or booster of Hepatitis A and Typhoid as there is a risk of these diseases across most parts of the world.

Some Travellers

Some Travellers may also be advised additional vaccinations such as Rabies, Japanese Encephalitis and Hepatitis B based on their individual risk assessment.

Risk of Malaria in Ethiopia

Malaria is spread by the plasmodium parasite passed to humans from the bite of an anopheles mosquito. Malaria is a serious illness with symptoms include fever, chills, sweats and flu like symptoms. In severe cases, malaria can be fatal. There isn’t currently a vaccine available for our travellers, although there are other ways to protect yourself, see Malaria Information for Travellers.

There is a High Risk of Malaria across all areas of Ethiopia all year round except for Addis Ababa where there is No Risk.

Malaria Prevention

Travellers to areas where there is a Risk of Malaria should get advice regarding Malaria Medication which can be taken to help stop the illness from developing. The type of medication required depends on your destination, itinerary, length of stay and current medical condition. Further reduce the risk of by practicing mosquito Bite Avoidance by using Insect Repellent such as DEET 50% and covering exposed skin by wearing long sleeves and trousers.

Yellow Fever Risk and Certification Requirements for Ethiopia

About Yellow Fever

Yellow Fever is a serious viral illness spread by mosquitoes in the tropical regions of Africa and South America. For further information, please see Yellow Fever Vaccination.

Yellow Fever Risk in Ethiopia

There is a Risk of Yellow Fever in some parts of Ethiopia. Travellers should get advice regarding vaccination prior to travel.

Yellow Fever Certification

There is also a Yellow Fever Certification Requirement for some travellers. For further information, please see Yellow Fever Certification Requirements.

Under International Health Regulations (2005), travellers who have been to an Area affected by Yellow Fever, or who have travelled via an airport of a country affected, are required to present an International Certificate of Vaccination (ICVP).

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Further Travel Health Advice for Ethiopia

Dengue fever precautions should be taken for travel to Ethiopia. Dengue fever is caused by mosquito bites from specific mosquitos most active during daylight. There is no medical protection against dengue fever. What you can do however is avoid mosquito bites and use mosquito repellent if travelling to affected areas.

Due to the fact that some parts of Ethiopia extend higher than 2500m, altitude sickness may present a problem. You can obtain altitude sickness medication and practice appropriate acclimatisation and gradual ascents to counter altitude sickness. Your travel nurse will be able to discuss these with you.

Some parts of Ethiopia enjoy a hot and humid tropical climate, while other parts can be classed as the hottest and driest places on earth. Make sure you take adequate sun protection measures such as staying hydrated, applying high SPF factor sunscreen, wearing a hat and staying out of the sun for extended periods of time.

Tap water in Ethiopia is not considered safe to drink. Bottled water is widely available.

Be mindful of what food you eat, specifically things like salads that may be washed in tap water. It is disrespectful in this culture to eat with the left hand and if someone invites you to their home for a coffee, feel very special indeed as this is considered an honour.

Lots of different infections can be spread through insect bites, including Dengue Fever and Malaria both spread by mosquitoes. Symptoms can include fever, headache and severe joint, bone and muscular pain. Advice for dengue fever and malaria are listed above.

Make sure you have health insurance in place that will cover the full range of activities you plan to undertake while abroad

If you plan to hire a vehicle or to take part in trekking or other activities then always think of your own safety first. Road conditions vary across Ethiopia.