Travel vaccinations for Egypt
There are a number of different diseases that you are at risk of catching in Egypt – measles, hepatitis A and B, and typhoid to name a few. A travel health professional can advise you on what vaccinations for Egypt will be right for your trip based on:
- The type of travel you have planned
- How long you will be in the country, or other at-risk regions, for
- Your history with disease and your general health
Egypt is a country on so many people’s bucket lists, for good reason. As the geographic link between Africa and the Middle East, Egypt’s history and culture is a fascinating melting pot, dating back to the time of the pharaohs. It’s important to stay safe when travelling to this part of the world and travel vaccinations for Egypt will help prevent infectious disease.
Do you need injections to go to Egypt?
Below are some of the vaccinations you should seriously consider for your trip to Egypt. It’s also important to point out that, while there is no risk of yellow fever in Egypt, if you have travelled through countries that are at risk, you will need to supply a certificate to say that you have been vaccinated. View the World Health Organisation list of countries this is relevant to, to see if this applies for your travels.
MMR (Measles, mumps & rubella) & DTaP (Diphtheria, tetanus & polio)
MMR and DTaP courses and boosters are essential jabs for Egypt. Book an appointment 4-8 weeks before you travel to have any top-ups administered and check that you are completely covered and safe to travel.
Typhoid and hepatitis A
Typhoid and hepatitis A are spread through contaminated food and water, so it is recommended that you include these in your Egypt vaccinations. This is especially relevant if you are travelling for a longer period of time, you’re an adventurous eater, or you’re planning on staying with locals or in smaller areas of the country.
Hepatitis B is another disease that a health professional can advise. So, ask whether this is needed as one of your injections for Egypt. Bodily fluids, particularly sexual fluids, and needles are responsible for transferring hepatitis B to humans, while cholera is passed through contaminated food and water. You should take precautions such as only drinking bottled water, watch where you eat while you are there and ensure you pack correctly.
You should consider getting the rabies immunisation as one of your vaccinations for Egypt. Travel anywhere in Egypt, especially the cities, and you will see why this is the case. Stray dogs are a big problem in Egypt. The United States has experienced problems recently with rabid dogs being imported into the country from Egypt. This happens because it can be difficult to tell straight away if the animal has rabies. All it needs is a lick, scratch or a bite for this incurable disease to be passed on.
The table below provides a general guide as to the Travel Vaccinations that may be advised to you for travel to Egypt
|MMR||Yes||Person-to-Person||MMR, Course of Two||£60|
|DTaP||Yes||Person-to-Person||Revaxis, Single Dose||£50|
|Typhoid||Yes||Contaminated Food and Water||Typhim Vi, Single Dose||£50|
|Hepatitis A||Yes||Contaminated Food and Water||Avaxim/havrix, Single Dose||£86|
|Hepatitis B||Yes||Body Fluids, Medical Intervention||EnergixB, Course of Three||£65|
|Rabies||Yes||Infected Animals||Course of Three||£66|
|Rabies||Yes||Infected Animals||Rabipur, Course of Three, ID, in rabies clinincs||£45|
Advice for travellers to all destinations
The Vaccinations and Medications that are needed for travel vary from person-to-person. Everyone should have a personal risk assessment with a travel health professional to take into account a range of factors such as itinerary, medical condition, occupational and lifestyle risk factors and previous vaccination history.
Additional travel risks for Egypt
The name of this fascinating country alone conjures up visions of the ancient pyramids cast against a spectacular sunset, the Nile drifting peacefully by the Great Pyramid of Giza. The romance of the desert beckons travellers to spectacular Sharm El Sheik, on the Red Sea. Internationally-renowned for some of the world’s best diving, and for its beaches, not to mention its vibrant nightlife, Sharm El Sheik grows ever more popular a destination with British travellers.
With all these delights in store, it’s understandable if, with all the excitement as you prepare for your journey, that you overlook the potential health risks inherent in overseas travel.
Heat and humidity
Egypt enjoys one of the most pleasant climates in the world…with basically moderate days and cool nights. Coastal temperatures around the Mediterranean and Red Sea can rise to 30 or over, between October and May.
Food and water
Egyptian cuisine is eclectic, delicious, and fresh. A huge variety of fresh fruit and vegetables is available. If you purchase fruit or vegetables at a market, it is strongly recommended that you peel them before eating. Water is safe in most Metropolitan areas, but it is always best to use bottled water.
Seeking treatment abroad
Cities and major tourist towns have plentiful hospitals and private clinic facilities. Your best choice is still a private clinic.
Travel and health insurance
Do protect yourself with adequate travel health insurance which will cover your intended itinerary and activities.
Always be mindful of the power of the Egyptian sun. Take care when participating in water sports, hiking tours, or any activity that might take you out of your normal comfort zone. Stay hydrated and rest occasionally during the heat of the day.
Is Egypt safe for a tourist?
With any countries like Egypt, which have experienced huge political turmoil in the last decade, it is essential to check the government’s foreign travel advice website for the most up-to-date information before your trip.
Travel in the North Sinai region is currently advised against by the UK government due to the potential of terrorist attacks and criminal activity.
Travel in the area west of the Nile and the Nile Delta regions, as well as South Sinai, is advised by the UK government to only be for essential travel. For everywhere else in Egypt, which is essentially the strip either side of the Nile River, tourists are advised to take extreme caution in crowded areas as terrorist activities are prevalent.
We recommend travelling with an experienced travel tour company who know the safest areas and will be able to make a sound risk assessment as you are travelling. It’s also worthwhile finding out what your tour company, travel agent or insurance covers you for if an act of terror happens and your travel plans have to change. In addition to this, make sure you carry cash with you and ensure that all of your injections needed for Egypt are up to date.